The Finnish economic success has been based on high-quality education and research. However, Finnish companies are currently investing significantly less in research and development than ten years ago. In 2010, the Finnish government began to decrease its annual support for cooperation between universities and companies by 250 M€. Read here our summary of an article by Swedish Yle where, among other experts, our managing director Laura Koponen was interviewed.
Swedish Yle (Finland's national public broadcasting company) recently interviewed several experts on the status of Finnish industries’ R&D&I. Among the interviewees were Peter Lund of Aalto University, Laura Juvonen from Technology Finland, Mikko Huuskonen from Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment and our Laura Koponen.
The 2008 financial crisis gave start to the decreased government support for cooperation between universities and companies. This successful collaboration model where universities and companies work together to solve challenges seems to have decreased alarmingly. The budget cuts have also weakened the future competitiveness in the international markets.
Laura Koponen agrees with the other interviewees that that the Finnish companies' interest in new innovation projects has decreased. “Big companies have been under the impression they could not get any public funding for starting long-term projects,” Laura says.
Public funding encourages companies to invest more themselves
According to YLE, surveys show that every euro to fund collaboration between universities and companies will increase companies' investments by two euros. Public funding enables long-term research projects and collaboration.
Laura sees that after the cuts, Finnish companies can mainly afford short-term product development which means the companies look one quarter or maybe a year ahead when they think of launching new products. Another downside is that they do not dare to take on high-risk projects and look further into the future. Earlier, when the companies received funding for collaboration with the universities, it was easier for the companies to plan for long-term projects.
No innovations, no economic growth
The Ministry of Trade and Industry has also woken up to the dwindling Finnish R&D. According to Mikko Huuskonen: “The researchers have come to the conclusion that innovations are the main explanation for the economic growth in the first place. If we cut funding for innovation collaboration, we will remove the prerequisites for future economic growth.”
Laura Koponen gives an example from the paper industry, where long-term projects are being planned. “There are companies that develop new materials from wood to replace plastic, for example in cosmetics. When funding was cut, there were fewer and fewer of these kind of long-term projects with a higher risk. Such products will not be market-ready within three or five years.”
Companies that only see the short term, and do not dare to take risks, will have a hard time making it profitable. Only if the companies that are able to develop products and services that are clearly better than the competitors can make it these days. “In Finland, we have chosen a path of short-term improvements to our products that keep them just barely comparable to the competition. In many other countries in Europe and the USA, the government support helps companies to look further into the future, and in those countries, the companies have been able to go further,” says Koponen.
Urgent need to encourage large ecosystems
Due to a lack of support in Finland, Finnish companies' R&D money is now also flowing out of the country, when companies are looking for international partners. However, tables are slowly turning: large companies are seen as drivers for collaboration. In the recently completed Business Finland Veturi competition for leading companies, four large companies received 20 M€ each for long-term projects.
Laura Koponen points out: “The Veturi funding instrument showed a clear need for funding: 27 large Finnish companies applied for money, and only four received it, so there are 23 remaining companies who would also like to start more long-term projects and get support for it.”
Mikko Huuskonen adds: “This is a start. We must create large, world-class innovation ecosystems worth billions, even. I believe that the government has now taken steps in the right direction, but that is not enough to reach the level of 4 percent of GDP that is in the government program.”
He sees a great risk that in the aftermath of the corona crisis, we will repeat the same mistakes as after the financial crisis. “What we can learn from the financial crisis is that we should not cut into future investments such as R&D&I. Instead, we must build our future with them.”
Read the article in full here (in Swedish)
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